The main component of alkaline is the electrolysis chamber which is made up of electrolysis plates that are charged. These plates effectively ionize the water as it passes through- dividing it in alkaline and acidic water.

All alkaline water ionizer machines have a different number of plates, this affects the quality and alkalinity of the water produced. Most ionizers are of 3 or 5 plates.

Less number of plates has limited functions, affecting the range of the pH levels and ORP balance; it is only able to keep the alkaline water at an optimum level for a short period of time and it risks being irregular.

A machine with more plates can produce both alkaline and acidic water.

Having more plates supplies the ionized water machines with more power, providing a higher range of ORP levels and pH values from strong alkaline to strongly acidic. It also allows the alkaline water to stay at its optimum alkaline water for a longer period of time when it is dispensed.

All ionizers should be made with platinum titanium-coated plates. It is required for a secure and safe electrolysis process. It allows water to pass through efficiently and is the most durable material. Titanium has the ability to resist erosion and is thin yet extremely strong (it is also used for medical purposes like joint and bone replacements). Platinum has the ability to catalyze electrolysis and is most efficient in ionizing water flowing through. It allows water molecules to be broken down into ions and create antioxidants.

The most efficient and latest type of plates are mesh plates- it allows for the most direct electric flow and has a lot of edges, which aids effectively in conducting electricity, The larger surface area for the water to flow

through helps the machine generate greater pH and negative ORP levels.